Wattle Fence

Wattle is woven wood fencing. Hurdles are woven wattle fencing panels. Historically moveable hurdles were employed for pasture and livestock rotation. We have been wattle making (wattling) since Neolithic times. Waddling (by ducks and such) has been going on for even longer.

The upright stakes are sometimes called “sales” and the saplings called 'weavers'. Hazel, willow, sweet chestnut, plum, forsythia or any supple, long, straight, slender saplings make good weavers. Newly cut, green wood is best and easiest. Willow is an exception as it can be soaked to become more supple. Use thin, long branches -or- larger saplings that are cut down the center (cleft) as 'weavers'. (See video below on how to cleft a sapling.) The saplings you choose should be long enough to weave around at least three stakes (preferably more) for stability. The weavers are woven around the 'sales' like basketry. The simplest weave would be to weave each row of saplings alternating around the stakes, the next row is woven on the opposite side of the stake from the sapling below it. Each sapling row should be firmly pressed down.

Hard wood is a good choice for the sales. Beware if you use willow as stakes as your fence just might take root and come alive, it will turn out strong, but you would need to trim it each year. 

Wattle work is still a viable small industry in the UK, each company maintains a sustainable coppiced woodland to harvest weavers or withies. If you do not have access to woodland, you can order willow cuttings (withies) online.


wattle fence

A charming loose weave wattle fence in Vermont.
By Katrinka, www.flickr.com


wattle fence

Six foot high cleft (split) hazel fence with gate and archway leading through an existing hornbeam hedge. The gate is pine with hazel infill. The cut side of the hazel wood is facing the viewer. burwashwonderwood.com



wattle fence

Wattle fence and gate integrated into a stone wall, Stara Planina, Bulgaria. nashdom-bg.com


wattle arch

Wattle arch of hazel. Hazel is the most common wood used for wattling in Europe. naturalfencing.com

 

wattle fence

Wattle fence and gate at an 18th century house in New Hampshire. Constructed using an old hand tree saw, bill hook and knives only--just as they would have been done hundreds of years ago. Many more photos: anhistoricallady.blogspot.com



wattle fence

A continuous weave wattle fence with an oak framed gate that contains a hazel weave infill. The hazel rods have been split with the grain as opposed to sawn, thus retaining its inherent strength and therefore creating a denser fence. Video below on how to cleft a sapling. By Tim Radford. burwashwonderwood.com


wattle fence

Rustic wattle fence by Dan Holmes, UK.
www.sussexgates.co.uk


wattle fence

Stevens the Hurdle Maker. Located in rural Hampshire, UK. The cleft, or split side of the wood is facing us, bark side faces interior of yard. wattlehurdles.com


wattle fence

According to Mick, "a well made hurdle should have uprights 9 inches apart. The top 6 - 8 inches should be made from whole rods of a small diameter, and the remainder, from split rods. It is very important that at least 3 rods per foot go round the end post and back into the hurdle. There should be no nails!" micksticks.co.uk


wattle fence

Wattle fence with windows by Mick, UK. A fence built on site will last much longer than a premade hurdle. Unless the hurdles are movable and brought inside for the winter months. micksticks.co.uk


wattle fence

Wattle fence around a camp. Perfect!
Photo by Lynn Spitz. flickr.com


wattle fence

Wattle fence at Walnot's Farm, Sussex Weald, UK.
www.walnutsfarm.co.uk


wattle fence

Wattle fence of hazel wood on Walnut's Farm, East Sussex, UK. walnutsfarm.co.uk


wattle fence

Wattle hurdles on top of brick wall. Stevens The Hurdle Maker offers Wattle Hurdles, Continuous Weave, Stakes and Binders, River Faggots, Rose Arches, Pea Sticks, Spar Gads, Sweet Chestnut Posts and Rails and welcomes any special enquiry you may have. Hampshire, UK. wattlehurdles.com


wattle fence

Hazel framed hazel hurdles by Natural Fencing, UK. 
6ft x 6ft, £68.00. naturalfencing.com


wattle fence

Wattle fence at an 18th century house in New Hampshire. Constructed of saplings from property. Wattle fencing was very popular in the early days of colonial America. Many more photos: anhistoricallady.blogspot.com


wattle fence

Wattle fence at an 18th century house in New Hampshire. Constructed using an old hand tree saw, bill hook and knives only. Many more photos: anhistoricallady.blogspot.com


wattle fence

Wattle fence hurdles connected by 4x6 posts.
No source: media-cache-ak1.pinimg.com


wattle fence

Continuous weave wattle fence (bark side facing us) by Green Man Woodcraft. greenmanwoodcrafts.co.uk


wattle fencing

Wattle fencing at the Weald and Downland Museum, West Dean, UK. wealddown.co.uk Image: theoldwashhouse.info


wattle fence

A short continuous weave wattle fence containing medieval style windows. By Tim Radford. burwashwonderwood.com


wattle fence

Wattle hurdles in Brooklyn, N.Y. support blackberries and rambling roses.
Image via Vogue magazine.


wattle fence

Wattle fence hurdles made of hazel wood.
www.arksupplies.co.uk


wattle fence

Cleft wattle screen with roof (protecting bee skeps) at the Weald and Downland Museum. wealddown.co.uk


wattle fence

A wattle fence at Sanok-Skansen outdoor museum in Poland. wikipedia.org


wattle fence

Colony of Avalon, Ferryland, Newfoundland.
Looks sturdy enough for goats and cows.
Vicky Taylorhood. flickr.com


wattle fence

Wattle Fence made from saplings and branches collected from the wooded area of owner's yard. Woven like a basket between 4 foot re-barb driven 1 foot into the ground. By Cliff Gilliam. www.yardshare.com


wattle fence

Continuous weave wattle fence, herringbone design with wood shake top.
Maramures, Romania. Image by Myra Lea. flickr.com


wattle fence

An open trellis in the panel gives privacy with a feeling of openness.
By Simon Fowler. peaktraditionalfencing.co.uk


wattle fence

Upright wattle fence in Lithuania.
Copyright: Gdaiva. flickr.com


wattle fence

Attach wattle to a pre-existing rail fence. 'Another idea' - weave saplings into a chain link fence painted brown. Jason DoubleGrande. flickr.com


Wattle fence

Wattle fence has ancient origins in Africa as well. A reconstruction of the traditional King's palace at Nyanza, Rwanda. en.m.wikipedia.org


wattle fence

Wattle Fence in the 1400's.
Les Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry.
en.wikipedia.org



How To:  

Wattle fence: www.epa.gov
Stake Naturally: www.telegraph.co.uk

Courses:

Dan Holmes, UK: www.sussexgates.co.uk
Dorset Rural Skills: www.dorsetruralskills.co.uk
Peak National Park: www.peaktraditionalfencing.co.uk

More Ideas:

bramptonwillows.co.uk
For live willow sources see: inspirationgreen.com/living-willow-hedges

Maintenance:

The more protected, the longer lasting. Lasts much longer if covered in vegetation. Annual application of linseed/turpentine: bramptonwillows.co.uk

Premade Hurdles:

Calif, US: Large orders only: thewillowfarm.com
UK: www.primrose.co.uk
UK: naturalfencing.com
UK: darrencuffhurdlemaker.co.uk.fvnx.net
UK: yorkshirehurdles.com
UK. 
peaktraditionalfencing.co.uk
UK: parsonshurdles.co.uk
Made in China: mastergardenproducts.com
many more...




Alan King makes a hurdle and shows the stages involved. woodlands.co.uk
Another short video (using thin branches) to start you off: youtube.com
 
 
Wattle Edging Page: inspirationgreen.com/wattle-edging

 

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Emma Zhang
Posts: 4
Comment
Re: Wattle Fence
Reply #4 on : Tue July 29, 2014, 03:10:45
Dear friends:


This is Emma form Zen Xin International Trade Co,.,LTD of China.

We are specilizing in willow garden products and have professional designers to meet your your various requirements.

Very glad to know your company is doing garden products. Write to you to built business relationship in the long term .


Any information pls contact me.



Emma
Gordon Driver
Posts: 4
Comment
Wattle fencing
Reply #3 on : Tue April 29, 2014, 03:32:46
I would like to purchase some wattle panels for my garden and would appreciate knowing if you supply such to small quantity buyers please.
Keiren
Posts: 4
Comment
To Dana
Reply #2 on : Fri February 21, 2014, 08:54:59
Hazel is best for long term durability. But willow also works well as weavers. You can purchase willow 'withies' in quantity for a large project. Other young late spring saplings could work...but some species (if taken too thin) might get brittle over time, so good to test their long term strength. Thick-ish, green and pliable are best. I do not have a list of the most pliable U.S. saplings, sorry!
dana
Posts: 4
Comment
wattle
Reply #1 on : Thu February 20, 2014, 15:29:52
thank u - great collection of work
enjoyed the film
do u know what wood we can use in the us instead of hazel?
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