Pesticides

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Farmers around the world spend more than $30 billion annually on pesticides;

but less than 0.1% of these pesticides ever reach the target insects.

cbc.amnh.org

 
Alternatives:
www.pesticideinfo.org
Pesticide Action Network Alternatives to chemical pest control. This page provides links to other organizations that provide information on non-toxic or least-toxic approaches to pest management.  ***
www.panna.org
Pesticide Action Network's Non-Pesticide Advisor points you to quality information to help with specific pest and pesticide problems.
www.beyondpesticides.org
Safety Source for Pest Management  a directory of companies that have completed the Beyond Pesticides survey and indicated that they use one or more practices and/or materials categorized as "non-toxic" or "least-toxic."  The directory is intended to be used for pest problems in homes, commercial sites, schools, parks, golf courses, and more.
 
Associations/Organizations- Pesticide Protection: see Gov't sites below...
www.chem.unep.ch
United Nations Environment Progamme.  Info on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), chemical substances that persist in the environment, bioaccumulate through the food web, and pose a risk of causing adverse effects to human health and the environment. ie, PCBs, Dioxins, etc.
www.panna.org
Pesticide Action Network North America PANNA works to replace pesticide use with ecologically sound and socially just alternatives. Great organization. *** Also see their Data search engine below.
www.pesticideinfo.org
Pesticide Action Network (PAN) Pesticide Database is your one-stop location for toxicity and regulatory information for pesticides. Search chemicals, products, poisoning diagnostics, aquatic ecotoxicity, ***
www.enviroblog.org
Environmental Working Group. Discussion of the latest science and news on toxins in your food, water, and air, and what government agencies should be doing to protect public health. Enviroblog is a project of Environmental Working Group Action Fund.''
npic.orst.edu
National Pesticide Information Center provides objective, science-based information about pesticides and pesticide-related topics to enable people to make informed decisions about pesticides and their use. NPIC is a cooperative agreement between Oregon State University and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
www.beyondpesticides.org
Beyond Pesticides (formerly National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides) a non profit, works with allies in protecting public health and the environment to lead the transition to a world free of toxic pesticides. Great news blog.
www.peri.umass.edu
Political Economy Research Institute, U Mass at Amherst. Corporate Toxics Information Project develops and disseminates information and analysis on corporate releases of toxic chemicals and the resulting exposures of communities to pollution hazards.
   

"Residues of DDE p,p´ continue to be detected in significant amounts of foods especially spinach,
root crops, and beef adipose more than 30 years after its use was prohibited."

www.ams.usda.gov/

 
Effects:  see reports below as well...
www.washingtonpost.com
Study: Weedkiller in waterways can change frogs' sex traits. 10 percent of male frogs became female (able to mate and lay viable eggs) after researchers exposed them, as tadpoles, to just 2.5 ppb of atrazine, within the EPA's drinking water limits. prohibited in the EU, but still one of the most widely used herbicides in the world. Washington Post March 2, 2010.
pediatrics.aappublications.org
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Urinary Metabolites of Organophosphate Pesticides” asserts a connection between exposure to high levels of pesticides and the development of ADHD. The study links organophosphate pesticide metabolites found in urine to a much higher incidence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). "Each 10-fold increase in urinary concentration of organophosphate metabolites was associated with a 55 percent to 72 percent increase in the odds of ADHD," study author Maryse F. Bouchard, PhD, of the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Montreal. Published online May 17, 2010 Pediatrics mag.
 
Government Data- Pesticides:
www.epa.gov
U.S. EPA  Pesticides Industry Sales and Usage; 2000 and 2001 Market Estimates. This report provides contemporary and historical economic information on the U.S. pesticide producing and using sectors covered by state and federal regulatory programs. This report uses the best available information from the public domain and proprietary sources. PDF.
www.ars.usda.gov
USDA's Agricultural Research Service Pesticide Properties Database provides water quality modelers and managers a list of the pesticide properties most important for predicting the potentials of pesticides to move into ground and surface waters under a range of weather and soil conditions. A compendium of chemical and physical properties of 334 widely used pesticides. Information included in the database focuses on 16 of the most important properties that affect pesticide transport and degradation characteristics.''
npic.orst.edu
National Pesticide Information Center provides objective, science-based information about pesticides and pesticide-related topics to enable people to make informed decisions about pesticides and their use. NPIC is a cooperative agreement between Oregon State University and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
www.ams.usda.gov
Pesticide Data Program is a national pesticide residue database program. Through cooperation with State agriculture departments and other Federal agencies, PDP manages the collection, analysis, data entry, and reporting of pesticide residues on agricultural commodities in the U.S. food supply, with an emphasis on those commodities highly consumed by infants and children.
www.inchem.org
International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) and the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS); IPCS INCHEM directly responds to one of the Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety (IFCS) priority actions to consolidate current, internationally peer-reviewed chemical safety-related publications and database records from international bodies, for public access.
 
Government Sites:
www.epa.gov
Environmental Protection Agency's Pesticide Portal Page. Office of Pesticide Programs.
www.epa.gov
EPA's Toxics and Pesticides Enforcement Division. Directs the Toxic Substances Control Act, including regulation of lead-based paint, and asbestos in schools. Also oversees enforcement of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act, which establishes a right to information about toxic chemical substances, and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act, which regulates the sale and distribution of pesticides.
www.epa.gov
EPA's Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances regulates pesticides and chemicals to ensure protection of public health and the environment and promotes pollution prevention and the public's right to know about chemical risks.
ntp.niehs.nih.gov
National Toxicology Program was established by the Department of Health and Human Services. The program was created to: Coordinate toxicology testing programs within the federal government, Strengthen the science base in toxicology, Develop and validate improved testing methods and to provide information about potentially toxic chemicals to health, regulatory, and research agencies, scientific and medical communities, and the public.
www.cdc.gov
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.  NIOSH Safety and Health Topic: Pesticide Illness & Injury Surveillance.
water.usgs.gov
USGS's National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program- Pesticide National Synthesis Project is a national-scale assessment of the occurrence and behavior of pesticides in streams and ground water of the United States and the potential for pesticides to adversely affect drinking-water supplies or aquatic ecosystems.
 
News/Blogs:
www.iisd.ca
International Institute for Sustainable Development, Reporting Services (IISD RS), brings you the latest news, information and analysis from international environment and sustainable development negotiations on chemicals management.
scienceblogs.com/angrytoxicologist
Angry Toxicologist is a scientist in the public health sector who, knows plenty about toxicology, and is occasionally angry about it all. Good information.
 
Reports:
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Medline/PubMed- National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health, Department of Health & Human Services. Pesticide Journal Articles.
ntp.niehs.nih.gov
National Toxicology Program of the Department of Health and Human Services. Study Reports Search Page.
www.ncseonline.org
National Council for Science and the Environment, CRS Report-  "Pesticide Law: A Summary of the Statutes" 29-Mar-2008   This report summarizes the major statutory authorities governing pesticide regulation: the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), Section 408 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), as well as the major regulatory programs for pesticides. PDF.
www.nap.edu
"The Future Role of Pesticides in US Agriculture" Committee on the Future Role of Pesticides in US Agriculture, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources and Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Commission on Life Sciences,National Research Council. National Academies Press. 2000.
www.sustainableproduction.org
Agriculture and Cancer: A Need for Action.  Lowell Center for Sustainable Production. Prepared by the Lowell Center for testimony to the President's Cancer Panel about the state of the evidence on chemicals linked to cancer. 2009. PDF. ***
archive.ewg.org
"Body Burden 2 The Pollution in Newborns" A benchmark investigation of industrial chemicals, pollutants and pesticides in umbilical cord blood found that blood samples from newborns contained an average of 287 toxins. Environmental Working Group. July 2005.
www.cdc.gov
Third National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals. Provides an ongoing assessment of the U.S. population's exposure to environmental chemicals using biomonitoring. Biomonitoring is the assessment of human exposure to chemicals by measuring the chemicals or their metabolites in human specimens such as blood or urine. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
www.theecologist.org
"Moth balls" Is the light brown apple moth such a danger to crops both agricultural and financial that the US government will risk the health of its citizens to eradicate it? They spray, you pay, warns Claire Robinson- Ecologist Magazine 01/09/2008.
www.meepi.org
"OVERKILL: Why Pesticide Spraying for West Nile Virus May Cause More Harm Than Good" Prepared by the Toxics Action Center and Maine Environmental Policy Institute 2001.
www.ehponline.org
Environmental Health Perspectives- Jun 9, 2009 Center for Children's Environmental Health, University of California Berkeley. Research Shows Children are Critically Susceptible to Pesticides because they lack sufficient levels of the enzyme paraoxonase or PON1- which is responsible for detoxifying pesticides. PDF.
www.ucsusa.org
Union of Concerned Scientists. Report Documents Pesticide Use Increases on GE Crops "Impacts of Genetically Engineered Crops on Pesticide Use: The First Thirteen Years" November 2009.
pediatrics.aappublications.org
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Urinary Metabolites of Organophosphate Pesticides” asserts a connection between exposure to high levels of pesticides and the development of ADHD. The study links organophosphate pesticide metabolites found in urine to a much higher incidence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). "Each 10-fold increase in urinary concentration of organophosphate metabolites was associated with a 55 percent to 72 percent increase in the odds of ADHD," study author Maryse F. Bouchard, PhD, of the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Montreal. Published online May 17, 2010 Pediatrics mag.
 
Safety:
www.atrazinelovers.com
Atrazinelovers website, designed and maintained by Dr. Tyrone B. Hayes, PhD, is dedicated to informing the scientific community, the activist community, and the public at large about the dangers of the herbicide atrazine.
www.atsdr.cdc.gov
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Department of Health and Human Services. This fact sheet answers the most frequently asked health questions about atrazine.
   

World pesticide expenditures totaled more than $32.5 billion in 2000
and nearly $32.0 billion in 2001. Expenditures on herbicides accounted for the largest portion of total expenditures (more than 40%), followed by expenditures on insecticides, fungicides, and other pesticides, respectively. U.S. pesticide expenditures totaled more than $11 billion in 2000 and 2001, in proportions similar to those of world expenditures, with a relatively larger proportion of total U.S. expenditures on herbicides.

www.epa.gov

   
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has classified ninety-six different pesticide ingredients
registered for use as potential human carcinogens.
EPA Memorandum from William Burnham, Health Effects Division,
"Office of Pesticide Programs' List of Chemicals Evaluated for Carcinogenic Potential," February 19, 1997.
   

A 2004 study by the Environmental Working Group (EWG) found that blood samples from newborns
contained an average of 287 toxins, including mercury, fire retardants, pesticides and Teflon chemicals.

archive.ewg.org

   

Less than 21% of all pesticides sold in U.S. have been adequately tested for carcinogenicity.
Less than 10% have been adequately tested for their ability to cause genetic mutations,
and less than 40% have been adequately tested for their potential to cause birth defects.
Andrews University http://ccmhi.com/ThePesticidePicture.htm

   
Fungicides account for about 10% of all pesticides produced, herbicides 6-7%.
   

In 1978 Congress mandated the EPA to begin reassessing the safety of some 35,000 registered pesticide products, but a lack of funds has seriously delayed the process so that many of the registered pesticides remain unevaluated. At present, there are forty-five pesticides approved for food use that are known or suspected to cause cancer in animals, but it is uncertain at this time whether they are harmful to humans. For the average consumer there is little data available on dietary exposure to a particular pesticide over a period of time, making it very difficult to link pesticide exposure with a specific health problem.

Andrews University http://ccmhi.com/ThePesticidePicture.htm

   
Annual Chinese pesticide production reached more than 500,000 metric tons after the mid-1990s.
(Huang et al., 2000)
   

"A total of 4.5 billion pounds of chemicals are applied annually as pesticides in the United States.
This total consists of 1.2 billion pounds of conventional pesticides (975 million pounds) and other pesticide chemicals such as sulfur (260 million pounds; Table 1),4 plus wood preservatives (660 million pounds),
specialty biocides (270 million pounds), and chlorine/hypochlorite compounds (2.4 billion pounds)."
pediatrics.aappublications.org

   
Farmers are using more herbicide than ever.
More than 60 percent of the corn and more than 90 percent of the soybeans and cotton grown
in the nation are genetically engineered for herbicide tolerance.
www.ucsusa.org
   

 

 
 
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