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An estimated 4,000 to 6,000 tonnes of sunscreen are released annually in reef areas.
"Sunscreens Cause Coral Bleaching by Promoting Viral Infections"
Eco-Destination Directories:
Eco Tropical Resorts. Eco-tourism directory of Eco Hotels, Resorts and Eco Lodges in the Tropics.
Rainforest Alliance's Eco-Index Sustainable Tourism features businesses in Latin America and the Caribbean that have been deemed environmentally and socially friendly by reputable environmental organizations and/or ecotourism certification programs. Search for lodging and other tourism businesses.
World Heritage Sites. Outstanding universally recognized natural and cultural landmarks that are designated treasures.
Eco Hotels of The World an online guide created to showcase the most environmentally-friendly hotels in the world.  All the hotels featured have been personally selected by their editors to ensure that they meet the standards required to be considered an eco-friendly hotel. Hotels cannot pay for inclusion nor do they accept commissions on bookings.'s World Travel Directory of Eco Tour Operators is a select guide for those seeking meaningful eco-friendly, people-friendly and place-friendly travel. The directory is updated on a regular basis, at least once every month.  Scroll down.
ecoDestinations connecting travelers with inspiring ecotourism initiatives. Program of International Ecotourism Society- the world's oldest and largest international ecotourism association, TIES seeks to be the global source of knowledge and advocacy uniting communities, conservation, and sustainable travel.
Green Travel. Tips, eco destinations, volunteer opportunities, more. Coming soon. is inspired by Wikipedia. It is a travelguide we all write together. Easy to add material.
Green Travel List published in the Guardian newspaper, and re-printed here. A guide to outstanding green travel companies. Short list mainly in UK and Europe.
Exchange Programs:- Coming Soon (see volunteer below)
Organizations that Oversee Travel Sustainability:
United Nations Environment Program- Green Passport, an initiative of the International Task Force on Sustainable Tourism Development, aims to raise tourists' awareness of their potential to contribute to sustainable development by making responsible holiday choices.  ***
World Tourism Organization (UNWTO/OMT) is a specialized agency of the United Nations and the leading international organization in the field of tourism. It serves as a global forum for tourism policy issues and a practical source of tourism know-how."
Rainforest Alliance's Sustainable Tourism Stewardship  Council (STSC) is a proposed global accreditation body for sustainable tourism and ecotourism certification programs.
International Ecotourism Society is committed to promoting the principles of ecotourism and responsible travel and uniting conservation, communities and sustainable travel. Members in over 90 countries.
Conservation International's role is to bring all concerned parties to the table in key locations to develop nature-based tourism strategies that are community-driven and conservation focused. Developing ecotourism...
Sustainable Travel International, a non-profit, dedicated to providing education and outreach services that help travelers, travel providers and related organizations support environmental conservation and protect cultural heritage while promoting cross- cultural understanding and economic development. Launched a certification program May ‘07. Offers carbon offsets.
Biodiversity and Tourism Network- 'established to foster dialogue between tourism practitioners and disseminate support for the implementation of the CBD Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development. The network was launched as a partnership with the World Tourism Forum for Peace and Sustainable Development. a virtual meeting point for members to capture, store and exchange knowledge to more effectively integrate biodiversity concerns within tourism strategies.'
National Geographic Center for Sustainable Destinations, works to protect all the world's distinctive places through wisely managed tourism and enlightened destination stewardship. Seeks to help individual places to use the geotourism approach to improve stewardship and attract the most beneficial and least disruptive forms of tourism.
Friends of World Heritage is to foster a constituency of World Heritage supporters and travelers to ensure the protection of World Heritage sites for today’s travelers and future generations. Expedia, Inc., UNESCO’s World Heritage Centre, and the UN Foundation are working together to support this mission.
Nature Conservancy. Learn how Ecotourism generates funds for conservation, reduces threats to wildlife, and benefits communities.
Tour Operators Initiative is an Association registered in Switzerland.  It is voluntary, non-profit, and open to all tour operators, regardless of their size and geographical location. Tour operators commit themselves to the concepts of sustainable development as the core of their business activity and  agree to work together through common activities to promote and disseminate methods and practices compatible with sustainable development.
Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism Conference focusing on sustainable tourism in the U.S. and Canada. Hosted by the International Ecotourism Society (TIES).
Green Tourism Business Scheme rates hotels and other tourism-related companies on their eco credentials in the UK and Ireland. Businesses opting to join Green Tourism are assessed against a rigorous set of criteria, covering a range of areas, like energy and water efficiency, waste management, biodiversity and more. Those businesses that meet the required standard, receive a Bronze, Silver, or Gold award.
On average, a ton of CO2 is created per person, per 2,000 miles flown.
"Alert Bulletin- Tourism Expansion: Increasing Threats, or Conservation Opportunities?"  Tourism generates 11% of global GDP, employs 200 million people but produces 4.8 million tonnes of waste yearly and consumes as much energy as a country the size and development level of Japan. United Nations Environment Programme. PDF.
Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development. UN's Convention on Biological Diversity- International guidelines for activities related to sustainable tourism development in vulnerable terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems and habitats of major importance for biological diversity and protected areas, including fragile riparian and mountain ecosystems.
Rainforest Alliance's Sustainable Tourism Stewardship Council Feasibility Study.
Youth Travel Matters – Understanding the Global Phenomenon of Youth. Travel World Tourism Organization, 2008. The aim of report is to bring together various studies in the field of youth travel over the past five years in order to provide a comprehensive overview of the characteristics and trends in this segment. Young people travel with a purpose – to explore and to engage with cultures, and to mix their travel ambitions with study, work, volunteer placements and adventure. They tend to stay much longer and therefore spend more than the average tourist, interacting more closely with the communities that they visit and making a direct contribution to local businesses. More than any other market segment, youth and student travellers can pave the way to responsible tourism.
UNWTO World Tourism Barometer is a regular publication of the Market Intelligence and Promotion Department of UNWTO aimed at monitoring the short-term evolution of tourism and providing the sector with relevant and timely information. Published three times a year (January, June, and October).
National Geographic.  ''Ultimate Guide to Sustainable Travel'' 50 ways to journey responsibly—and still have fun.   October 2008.
National Geographic. Destination Scorecards that rate the sustainability of travel destinations around the globe. And a  "Guide to Sustainable Tourism and Destination Stewardship" handbook gives travel journalists and consumers ways to evaluate the sustainability of companies and destinations.
Rainforest Alliance's Sustainable Tourisim- Tips For Travelers-
discover all of the ways in which you can make a difference on your next vacation. For Tourism Professionals- Find out how you can adopt eco-friendly practices and promote them to your clients.
Nature Conservancy. Ecotourism Publications and Resources.
World Wildlife Fund. Buy Consciously Brochure. Take a moment to ask a few questions before you purchase that charming tortoiseshell souvenir, coral jewelry or snakeskin belt. Why? Being a conscientious shopper means you'll help to save wildlife and boost the local economy. Here are three questions you should ask before you buy... is an independent online resource committed to providing un-biased, clear information to all travellers who are concerned by the impact their activities may be having. Offers common-sense advice to equip you with the information you need to travel responsibly.
Transition Abroad's Responsible Travel Handbook 2006.
United Nations World Tourism. Publications page. Numerous reports.
Longitude Books-classic, new and hard-to-find travel books and maps. Experienced staff and travel partners help recommend what to read for destinations worldwide.
Kayak is a travel search engine. They search hundreds of travel sites from all over the world, provide the information to you in an easy-to-use display, and then let you refine and choose the exact result you want, then send you directly to the source to make your purchase.
TripIt- Organize trip details into one master online itinerary - even if arrangements are booked at multiple travel sites.
Green Hotel Review. Not all states listed yet. But they are off to a good start.
Cigarette butts take almost 20 years to break down.
They are filled with toxins which are a hazard to shorebirds and the environment.
School Groups/Trips:
Save The Rainforest, a non profit, offers trips, courses and travel to the tropics for school groups. Students learn about different cultures and tropical ecosystems, and participate in conservation projects. Ecology courses offered. Trips to Central and South America and the Galapogos.
National Geographic Student Expeditions. Students completing 9th through 12th grades are eligible to participate. Worldwide trips.
Specialty Travel:
Adventure: see wilderness, nature, etc... as well...
Responsible Travel- dedicated travel agent for responsible world holidays. For an action-packed adventure, a relaxing beach escape or a countryside getaway, there’s something to suit all tastes and budgets. Over 300 tour operators and 600 villas, lodges, B&Bs and small hotels. Based in UK.
Adventures in Travel Expo event display of hundreds of adventure destinations, activities, cultural performers and more. 5 events nationwide (U.S.) per year.
National Geographic Center for Sustainable Destinations, works to protect all the world's distinctive places through wisely managed tourism and enlightened destination stewardship. National Geographic and Lindblad team up to offer numerous exciting learning adventures.
G.A.P Adventures has specialized in sustainable adventure travel since 1990 with a focus on cultural journeys and wildlife encounters. Small groups and independent travel tours. Canada.
Wildland Adventures authentic worldwide cultural and natural history exploration for active and inquisitive travelers who appreciate boutique accommodations, extraordinary itineraries and exceptional native guides. Physical, intellectual and spiritual adventures,Americas, Africa, Australia, NZ, Turkey, Antarctica.
Based in Seattle.
Journeys- culturally-respectful and environmentally-sensitive travel- full-service exotic, guided cross-cultural explorations, nature safaris, treks and eco-tours in remote corners of Asia, Africa, the Americas and the Pacific. Specialty ecotrips include women's tours, Kilimanjaro climbs, exploration cruises, festival trips, Galapagos cruises, student group trips and wildlife safaris.
Based in Ann Arbor, MI.
Rei. Travel gear/clothing/ and National and International adventure trips. Hiking trips, bike tours, paddling, adventure cruises, whitewater rafting, climbing, wildlife viewing, skiing and snowshoeing.  Based in Sumner WA.
World Expeditions.  Worldwide adventure travel from camel expeditions to diving, mountaineering to culinary. 500 stand alone itineraries; small group active adventures and expeditions, cycling and walking tours and cultural journeys. Worldwide offices.
Mountain Travel Sobek. More than 100 active adventure vacations worldwide. China to Patagonia. "promote exploration and enjoyment of mountain wilderness areas by active participation," Emeryville, CA.
Escape Adventures. First-class eco-friendly cycling and multi-sport adventure in western North America. The world's first carbon neutral outfitter- from Alaska to Belize and beyond.
Butterfield & Robinson biking and walking journeys that span the globe, each route is carefully designed to immerse you in the local culture and reveal a region’s true spirit. They are nobally greening their business. Based in Toronto and Beaune, France.
VBT. Vermont Bicycle Touring, known today as VBT, offers 28 bicycling tours around the world.
Sacred Rides Mountain Bike Holidays- award winning small-group adventures and skills camps: in British Columbia, Ontario, Croatia/Slovenia, Peru, Guatemala, Utah and Chile. Dedicated to responsible, sustainable mountain bike tourism.
Backroads travel offers engaging trips from bike tours, hiking tours and the best family vacations along the back roads. Tours range from Grand Canyon hiking to bike trips like Italy cycling trips to multisport vacations like our Costa Rica tours. Practice "Leave No Trace" principle.
Greentraveller provides information on how to have a green holiday. List of green places to stay in the UK and abroad. Offers self guided cycling and walking tours in Europe.
Saddle Skedaddle. The UK's Mountain Bike, Cycling & Road Cycling Holiday Specialist. Self guided and guided cycling.
DIGnGO - Gourmet bike tours in France and Tuscany. Founded by French natives educated in the States. GPS-guided tours on the best equipped bikes, exclusive access to small, semi-private wine cellars where you will get to taste grand crus, unforgettable gourmet dining experiences and accommodations at small, luxury hotels and chateaux located in the countryside and known to few others.
Naturalist Journeys. Small Group Birding and Natural History Tours in the U.S. and internationally featuring wildlife, birding, national parks, geology and more...
InfoHub links to numerous birding outfitters.
Earthwatch Institute expeditions engage people in scientific field research and education to promote the understanding and action necessary for a sustainable environment. Work with leading environmental researchers on critical issues. ***
Eco: See eco directories above
Eco Tours. Nice eco trips to the Amazon, Central Am, Borneo, Africa.
International Expeditions.  Ecotourism and Nature Travel Tours Worldwide Since 1980.
Adventure Life. Latin America trips dedicated to expanding ecological and cultural awareness. Antarctic and worldwide cruises.
American Hiking Society. Volunteer Vacation, you visit stunning backcountry locations to construct or rebuild footpaths, cabins and shelters.
Ecoescape - eco-friendly holidays in the UK and Ireland. Search for green places to stay and visit.  Affordable and sustainable holidays. Kayaking, walking, nature.
Learning Expeditions:
Earthwatch Institute expeditions engage people in scientific field research and education to promote the understanding and action necessary for a sustainable environment. Work with leading environmental researchers on critical issues. ***
Context is a network of architects, historians, and art historians who organize walking seminars for intellectually curious travelers in the world's cultural capitals. See their Farm to Fork, Roman Food Culture for Families, a 5-day sustainable trip designed to introduce families to Roman food and how it is grown, harvested, prepared, and eaten- includes a hands-on pizza making workshop in the birthplace of pizza...
Natural Habitat Adventures- wildlife adventures ‘designed to stir the soul and awaken the senses of those passionate about our natural world and the fascinating creatures that inhabit it.’
Uncharted Outposts.  Custom designed trips to the Americas, Australasia or Africa.  See best of collections for eco-lodges and more....
InfoHub links to numerous eco tour outfitters.
Big Animals. Photography Expeditions to observe, photograph, and interact with the inhabitants of the sea, such as reef fish, sharks, killer whales, sperm and humpback whales, dolphins, penguins....
Polar Bears:
Green Earth Travel. Vegetarians travel together on trips that cater to Vegetarians.
Whale Watching:
Baja Jones Adventures offers 3 to 12 day whale watching trips to the World's Greatest Whale Watching location, Laguna Ojo de Liebre, Baja. Gray Whale Advocate and expert.
World Wildlife Fund offers more than 45 trips to spectacular wildlife destinations around the world. Snorkel coral reefs in Fiji, watch leaping monkeys in lively rain forests in the Amazon or kayak among whales in Alaska. By traveling with WWF, you support their conservation efforts around the globe.’
Sierra Club. Wilderness adventures—from Tahoe to Tibet—for people of all ages, abilities, and interests. 60 international trips on all seven continents and almost 300 national.
National Geographic Center for Sustainable Destinations, works to protect all the world's distinctive places through wisely managed tourism and enlightened destination stewardship. National Geographic and Lindblad team up to offer numerous exciting learning adventures.
National Wildlife Federation- Every year, they vet hundreds of tour companies, and review thousands of programs and itineraries, to find the best tour operators, the best destinations and the best values.
Eco Quest. Worldwide wildlife viewing.  Scientists as guides.
Wilderness Travel "from wildlife safaris in Africa to active cruises in the Galapagos, inn to inn hikes in Europe, treks in Peru, Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet, and snorkeling and sea kayaking adventures worldwide." Calif.
InfoHub links to numerous Wildlife Viewing & Safari outfitters.
World Heritage:
Friends of World Heritage a partnership between the UN Foundation and Expedia, Inc. - Trips to World Heritage sites around the globe. Book one of these featured trips through Expedia - Classic Vacations' website, and the profits from your trip will go back to the Friends of World Heritage Fund, for investment in World Heritage sites and communities in need.
Volunteer/Activist Travel:
Earth Watch- eco-volunteer nonprofit. Earthwatch Institute engages people worldwide in scientific field research and education to promote the understanding and action necessary for a sustainable environment. ***
Ecovolunteer Nature Travel. Gives volunteers the opportunity to protect nature and its inhabitants by helping (international) local organizations with their conservation projects. ***
Global Exchange is an international human rights organization dedicated to promoting social, economic and environmental justice around the world. They offer travel that aims to positively influence international affairs with educational study seminars; fact-finding, solidarity, activist delegations and customized tours for academic, business, and professional organizations. Trips to over 30 countries in Latin America, Africa, Asia and the Middle East. Travelers are linked with activists and organizations from around the globe who are working toward positive change.' ***
Transitions Abroad. "Volunteering abroad is the best option for meaningful work and vacations in developing countries or for social causes anywhere. Some volunteer positions do "pay," at least room and board, and it may be possible to defer educational loans during a volunteer assignment. For summer work camps or volunteer vacations, apply generally March-May. For long-term volunteer options like the Peace Corps, apply six to nine months in advance."
ProWorld’s mission is to empower communities, promote social and economic development, conserve the environment, and cultivate educated compassionate global citizens. ProWorld Service Corps offers profound 2 to 48 week cultural, service, and academic experiences in Peru, Belize, Mexico, India, and Thailand.  Internships, Semesters Abroad, Group Programs.
Pacific Discovery 'student programs' for 18-25s combine sustainable adventure travel with cultural immersion, personal and leadership development, volunteer and community projects, ecotourism focus, college credit options, and gap year. Also specialise in custom educational tours and travel programs for high school and university groups. Australia-NZ, Asia, S Amer.
Volunteers For Peace is a non-profit membership organization, whose goal is to work toward a more peaceful world through the promotion of International Voluntary Service projects, historically known as International Workcamps, and the exchange of volunteers. Through their international alliances, they work together to help communities meet local needs and some of the goals of the United Nation's Millennium Declaration.
Global Vision International was formed in 1998 to provide support and services to international charities, non-profits and governmental agencies, through volunteering opportunities and direct funding. ***
Planeterra travel and voluntourism for sustainable community development. The Planeterra Foundation is a non-profit organization with a long history of supporting communities through travellers' desire to give back. From helping protect endangered sea turtles in Costa Rica, to lending a hand at a pre-school in South Africa. No skills are required, just a desire to lend a hand, and learn more about what life is like in communities around the world.
Questions to ask before you go:
How 'green' are the accommodations?

For Tours:
Do they employ local guides and staff?
Are the sizes of the groups kept small thereby minimising the environmental and social impact?
Do they give back to the communities they impact?

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