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One of our biggest potential climate allies is directly under our feet: soil. Healthy, living soil has an enormous capacity to store carbon. In fact, carbon stored in soil accounts for roughly three times the amount stored in the atmosphere! Improving the health of degraded soil holds tremendous potential to mitigate climate change.
There are a wide variety of ways for everyone to contribute to increasing soil organic matter (SOM). Composting food leftovers, kitchen scraps and garden waste are primary methods. Cost-effective local, municipal composting programs are on the rise. On farms, cover crops and agroforestry methods work to increase SOM, and the regeneration of natural grasslands and reforestation are other strategies for improving soil health.
For more information, visit the Center for Food Safety's Cool Foods Campaign: www.coolfoodscampaign.org
Christine Amanpour spoke with Jane Goodall, a primatologist best known for her work with chimpanzees, and Doctor Vandana Shiva, an environmental activist who fights for changed agricultural practices.
“I really believe the time has come for sanity, for responsibility,” Shiva told Amanpour, “for recognizing the rights of Mother Earth, for recognizing a deep science that works in accordance with the laws of Gaia” – the Greek personification of Earth – “not the shallow and irresponsible science that works only in the marketplace for profits and power.”
Goodall and Shiva spoke with Amanpour as they were attending the International Women’s Earth and Climate Change Summit in New York. Co-organizer of the summit, Osprey Orielle Lake stated that "Nature will not wait while politicians debate, women around the world are facing the impacts of a changing climate every day, and we are coming together to say 'Enough is enough. It is time for action that addresses the roots of this crisis and fosters just solutions." www.iweci.org/summit
In Singapore, the challenge of feeding a growing population is pushing the concept of urban farming to new heights. A super-efficient vertical farming system is producing greens for 5 million residents.
"Can we supply enough food for everyone on the planet?" It's a question plaguing leaders around the world. In Singapore SkyGreen offers one example of how this might be possible, "not just technically, but economically". By increasing their food security while reducing the impact of food production on global climate change, SkyGreen is 10 times more productive per square foot than conventional farming.
So sad. Ross Longdon, his partner Elif Yavuz (Clinton Foundation) and their unborn child were victims of the Nairobi shopping mall massacre.
Ross is an architect with a deep sensitivity to the communities and traditions in which his projects are located. Born and brought up in rural south-eastern Tasmania, he now focuses on ecologically and socially sustainable tourism infrastructure in environmentally sensitive locations. His is currently working in Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania on a number of eco-lodges and smaller cultural projects and will show us how a building can be integrated into communities on many levels.
Honeybees have thrived for 50 million years, each colony of 40 to 50,000 individuals coordinated in amazing harmony. So why, seven years ago, did colonies start dying en masse? Marla Spivak reveals four reasons which are interacting with tragic consequences. This is not simply a problem because bees pollinate a third of the world’s crops. Could this incredible species be holding up a mirror for us?
Bees pollinate a third of our food supply -- they don’t just make honey! -- but colonies have been disappearing at alarming rates in many parts of the world due to the accumulated effects of parasitic mites, viral and bacterial diseases, and exposure to pesticides and herbicides. Marla Spivak, University of Minnesota professor of entomology and 2010 MacArthur Fellow, tries as much as possible to think like bees in her work to protect them. They’re “highly social and complex” creatures, she says, which fuels her interest and her research.
Spivak has developed a strain of bees, the Minnesota Hygienic line, that can detect when pupae are infected and kick them out of the nest, saving the rest of the hive. Now, Spivak is studying how bees collect propolis, or tree resins, in their hives to keep out dirt and microbes. She is also analyzing how flowers’ decline due to herbicides, pesticides and crop monoculture affect bees’ numbers and diversity. Spivak has been stung by thousands of bees in the course of her work.
By 2050, it will take 100 billion land animals to provide the world's population with meat, dairy, eggs and leather goods. Maintaining this herd will take a huge, potentially unsustainable toll on the planet. What if there were a different way? In this eye-opening talk, tissue engineering advocate Andras Forgacs argues that biofabricating meat and leather is a civilized way to move past killing animals for hamburgers and handbags.
An entrepreneur in tissue engineering, Andras Forgacs is the co-founder and CEO of Modern Meadow, a company developing novel biomaterials. These include cultured meat and leather which, as they put it, "will require no animal slaughter and much lower inputs of land, water, energy and chemicals". This approach involves sourcing cells from living animals, multiplying these cells into billions, and then assembling them into the tissue precursors of meat or leather. The products, for now, are at a prototype stage.
Previously, Andras co-founded Organovo, which uses 3D bioprinting to create human tissues for pharmaceutical research and medical applications, such as drug development and replacement tissues. Organovo’s bioprinting technology was recognized by MIT Technology Review on its TR50 list of most innovative companies for 2012.
The devastating flooding that pummeled Colorado last week, also inundated a main center of the state's drilling industry. The mix of floodwater's and drilling operations has spurred environmental and health concerns that industry and government officials say they are closely monitoring, and that activists have seized on as another demonstration of the dangers posed by hydraulic-fracturing. Pictures and videos that cropped up in recent days showing inundated oil pads, flooded wells, and, in some cases, overturned tanks and ruptured lines. Many were reportedly captured in Weld County, an area northeast of Denver and Boulder that was hit hard by the flooding. With nearly 18,000 active wells, it's also a main drilling center in Colorado, a state that increasingly relies on hydraulic-fracturing for its energy production. "Our biggest fear is that oil and gas hydrocarbons and hydrofracking chemicals will get into the water supply, and that the flooding will spread the pollution over a large swath of the landscape."
"The biggest concern is open-wastewater pits," said Robert Jackson, a professor of environmental sciences at Duke University, who lead a study earlier this year linking fracking to water contamination. The hazardous fluid waste from hydraulic fracturing, also called flowback water, is sometimes stored in open-air pits that Jackson said can possibly overflow if inundated.
The Denver Post reported on Wednesday evening that at least 5,250 gallons of crude oil spilled from two tank batteries into the South Platte River. www.denverpost.com
Frogs (and amphibians in general) are in danger -- worldwide, nearly one-third of the world's amphibian species are on the verge of extinction. And yet, frogs contribute to our well-being in many important ways. Kerry M. Kriger describes why frogs are in trouble and how you can help save them.
The best way to save the frogs is to educate yourself about amphibians and amphibian conservation, and fortunately, there are many free educational resources online. A great place to start is www.savethefrogs.com, which has several hundred pages of free information on frogs. The website was created by Dr. Kerry Kriger, who founded SAVE THE FROGS! nonprofit organization and wrote the script for this Ted-Ed video. The SAVE THE FROGS! How To Help page offers over 50 ideas on ways to help frog populations.
Lesson by Kerry M. Kriger, animation by Simon Ampel.
View full lesson: ed.ted.com/lessons/disappearin...
National Geographic journeys along the remote Alaskan coast ... in search of garbage. A team of scientists and artists investigates the buildup of marine debris washing out of the great gyres, or currents, in the Pacific Ocean. Called the Gyre Expedition, their goal is to create art from the trash they find to raise awareness about its impact on oceans and wildlife. Their artwork will become part of a traveling exhibition in 2014.
Learn more about the expedition and the next phase of the Gyre Project:
The sun's greatest events as captured by the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) from February 2012 to February 2013.
A highlight of the SDO's (third year) occurred on June 5, 2012, when Venus crossed in front of the sun, as viewed from Earth – an occurrence that will not happen again for more than 100 years. Credit: NASA/GSFC Read more about SDO here: www.nasa.gov
John discusses the complicated reasons why the United States spends so much more on health care than any other country in the world, and along the way reveals some surprising information, including that Americans spend more of their tax dollars on public health care than people in Canada, the UK, or Australia. Who's at fault? Insurance companies? Drug companies? Malpractice lawyers? Hospitals? Or is it more complicated than a simple blame game?
For a much more thorough examination of health care expenses in America, read this series at The Incidental Economist:theincidentaleconomist.com
The Commonwealth Fund's Study of Health Care Prices in the US: www.commonwealthfund.org/~/med...
Some of the stats in this video also come from this New York Times story: www.nytimes.com/2013/06/02/hea...
Technology is advancing in leaps and bounds -- and so is economic inequality, says writer Chrystia Freeland. In an impassioned talk, she charts the rise of a new class of plutocrats (those who are extremely powerful because they are extremely wealthy), and suggests that globalization and new technology are actually fueling, rather than closing, the global income gap. Freeland lays out three problems with plutocracy … and one glimmer of hope.
Author Chrystia Freeland looks under the hood of global capitalism to expose the technological, economic and structural inequalities pushing society in unforeseen directions. Along the way, she takes the temperature of a rising caste -- the super rich -- and shows how the creation of vast fortunes at the top hollow out the middle class in western industrialised countries. This rising income inequality, she argues, has a structural character, and is becoming a cultural and social issue, with consequences for social cohesion and social mobility.
A successful campaign to promote the adoption of mix breed dogs.
Cannes Lions 2013 Winners - Garnier BBDO wins Silver and Bronze at the Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity 2013 for 'Territorio De Zaguates'.
Written by/Starring Charlene deGuzman
Directed by Miles Crawford
Wildlife crime is dead serious. This low-risk, high-profit crime threatens some of the world's best-loved species--and the rangers that protect them. Elephants, rhinos, tigers and other animals are being increasingly slaughtered by poachers and criminal gangs armed with military-grade weapons, night-vision scopes and more. Wildlife crime destabilizes governments, economies and conservation gains.
This first episode highlights the wildlife crime crisis. Follow all of WWF's wildlife trafficking documentary footage released every Sunday at 7 pm EDT in September 2013 on World Wildlife Fund's YouTube channel by subscribing now and using the hashtag #StopWildlifeCrime while you watch. www.worldwildlife.org/deadserious
Gayla Benefield was just doing her job -- until she uncovered an awful secret about her hometown that meant its mortality rate was 80 times higher than anywhere else in the U.S. But when she tried to tell people about it, she learned an even more shocking truth: People didn't want to know. In a talk that's part history lesson, part call-to-action, Margaret Heffernan demonstrates the danger of "willful blindness" and praises ordinary people like Benefield who are willing to speak up. (Filmed at TEDxDanubia.)
Although not all vermiculite contains asbestos, some products were made with vermiculite that contained asbestos until the early 1990s. Vermiculite mines throughout the world are now regularly tested for it and are supposed to sell products that contain no asbestos. The former vermiculite mine in Libby, Montana, did have tremolite asbestos as well as winchite and richterite (both fibrous amphiboles) it was formed underground through essentially the same geologic processes as the contaminants. Pure vermiculite does not contain asbestos and is non-toxic. Impure vermiculite may contain, apart from asbestos, also minor diopside or remnants of the precursor minerals biotite or phlogopite.
In her book, Willful Blindness, Margaret Heffernan examines why businesses and the people who run them often ignore the obvious -- with consequences as dire as the global financial crisis and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Heffernan’s third book, Willful Blindness was shortlisted for the Financial Times/GoldmanSachs Best Business Book award in 2011.
Since 1954, the World Meteorological Organization has been naming extreme storms after people. As scientific evidence shows that climate change is creating increasingly frequent and devastating storms, and with climate scientists declaring these extreme weather events as the new normal, 350.org proposes a new naming system. A system that names extreme storms caused by climate change, after the policy makers who deny climate change and obstruct climate policy. If you agree, sign the petition at: www.climatenamechange.org/#/pe...
When petroleum giant BP spilled millions of litres of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico three years ago, it was the worst ever offshore oil disaster.
To try and break up that massive slick, vast quantities of chemical dispersant was sprayed on the spill.
It seemed to work: the oil disappeared.
But people started getting sick and then people started dying.
Now, this environmental disaster has become a health catastrophe.
The dispersant, when mixed with the oil, increases in toxicity by 52 times. This sickly, invisible toxin, still lurks in the water and absorbs straight into peoples' skin.
In this special 60 Minutes investigation, we reveal the same chemical dispersants have been sprayed on the Great Barrier Reef and off the north west coast of Australia.
They're still approved for use and our authorities are clueless as to how deadly they are.
Crude Solution - Part 1. Or watch at: 60 Minutes Australia.
When petroleum giant BP spilled millions of litres of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico three years ago, it was the worst ever offshore oil disaster. Now, this environmental disaster has become a health catastrophe. Crude Solution - Part 2. 60 minutes Australia.
14 year old Rachel Parent debates Kevin O'Leary on the issue of Genetically Modified Food Donate to the cause at Rachel's website: www.gmo-news.com.