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Buying Geothermal for your home- Heat Pumps:
The Source for Renewable Energy. A buyers guide and business directory to more than 12,000 renewable energy businesses and organizations worldwide. Locate renewable energy businesses by geographic location, by product type, by business type, by name, or search using keywords. Search 'other product categories' for Geo.
Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium. Lists geothermal professionals. GeoExchange heat pump  contractors, manufacturers , drilling contractors, ground loop installers, engineers, designers, distributors, architects, builders, utilities, training, financing, software and suppliers.
International Ground Source Heat Pump Association (IGSHPA) is a non-profit, member driven organization established in 1987 to advance geothermal heat pump (GHP) technology on local,state, national and international levels. List of heat pump designers, installers, and dealers.
Geo-Center of the Oregon Institute of Technology. U.S. DOE-funded information center- "Geothermal Direct Use Engineering and Design Guidebook" - technical information on low- and moderate-temperature (100 - 300°F) geothermal applications and equipment. Chapters cover exploration, well drilling, space heating and cooling, greenhouse heating, aquaculture, industrial processes, economics, regulations and environmental aspects. 
Geothermal Cos of Interest:
The Geysers, comprising 30 square miles, is the largest complex of geothermal power plants in the world, located 72 miles north of San Francisco, the Geysers satisfies nearly 60 percent of the average electricity demand in the North Coast region from the Golden Gate Bridge to the Oregon border.
Chena Hot Springs, a 400kW low temperature geothermal power plant, designed and built by United Technologies Corporation, is the first geothermal power plant in Alaska. Chena Hot Spring's vision is to become a self-sufficient community in terms of energy, food, heating and fuel use to the greatest extent possible.
Chevron is the largest producer of geothermal energy in the world, accounting for more than half of all privately developed geothermal power.
Ormat Technologies, a Nevada based company founded in 1965. It owns and operates geothermal power plants, selling electricity in the United States, Guatemala, Kenya, Nicaragua, and the Philippines.They also provide products and services to other geothermal power generators.
West Indies Power. St Kitts project-estimates that it will Produce 4X its Energy Needs with Geothermal Energy on the Island Nation.
AltaRock Energy- Engineered Geothermal Systems (EGS) projects produce electricity using heat extracted with engineered fluid-flow paths in hot rocks. These pathways are developed by stimulating them with cold water injected into a well at high pressure and utilizing a variety of proprietary techniques developed by AltaRock which are the subject of its patent portfolio. Corporate headquarters in Sausalito, CA and its technology development office in Seattle, WA.
Calpine Corporation was originally founded in 1984 (they went through bankruptcy and successfully emerged on Jan. 31, 2008). This Houston, Texas based company provides electricity in the US and Canada through the ownership and operation of its own power generation plants. Their 50+ plants are either geothermal or natural gas-combined cycle.
Nevada Geothermal Power explores for and develops projects in the United States to provide electric power from high temperature geothermal. They own a 100% leasehold interest in 5 projects: Blue Mountain, Pumpernickel, Black Warrior and Edna Mountain in Nevada and the Crump Geyser Project in southern Oregon.
Raser Technologies, a Utah based company founded in 2003, is an environmental energy technology company, which develops geothermal power. The company has a portfolio of geothermal interests in Utah, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon and Indonesia which generates seven megawatts of power.  Has licensed heat transfer technology, plus Raser’s Symetron technology which improves the torque density and efficiency of electric motors and drive systems used in electric and hybrid-electric vehicle powertrains and industrial applications.
Sierra Geothermal Power is a Vancouver-based renewable energy company focused on the exploration and development of clean, sustainable geothermal power.They have investments in 15 geothermal projects located in Nevada and California. Over 444.7 km2 (109,927 acres) of geothermal properties in Nevada, California and British Columbia, SGP's projects have a combined total estimated capacity of 400MW.
US Geothermal, a Boise, Idaho based company founded in 2002, is involved in the development of geothermal energy power plants in the Raft River area of Idaho, the Neal Hot Springs area located in eastern Oregon, and San Emidio, Nevada.
Geothermal Data:
Dept of Energy. Energy Information Administration. Official Energy statistics from the US government. Potential Geothermal Map.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Geothermal Resource Information. Access to a host of geothermal resource maps is provided by the US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Geothermal Technologies Program. General resource maps as well as maps of existing geothermal projects, subterranean temperatures, and thermal springs.
Power Technologies Energy Data Book. US Dept of Energy's National Renewable Energy Lab.
Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium.  Incentives, publications, industry directory, events, forum, resources.
Oregon Institute of Technology- Geo-Heat Center's databases for the states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, and Washington, data can be provided on over 8,977 thermal springs and wells.
International Geothermal Association- interactive map contains links to data and information on geothermal activity in individual countries around the world.
U.S. Dept of Energy Geothermal Resource Maps.
Geothermal Energy Association- Current Geothermal Energy Stats. Where and to what extent geothermal is used throughout the country and the world. Potential Use, Policy, Costs, Benefits, Employment...
Geothermal Energy Association- Geothermal plants listed by State.
U.S. Energy Information Administration. Geothermal Heat Pump Manufacturing Activities. In 2008, total shipments of geothermal heat pumps surged more than 40 percent to 121,243 units while capacity shipped rose almost 43 percent.
"Countries with the greatest increase in installed capacity (MW) between 2005 and 2010 were:
(1) US - 530 MW, (2) Indonesia - 400 MW, (3) Iceland - 373 MW,
(4) New Zealand - 193 MW, and (5) Turkey 0 62 MW.

In terms of percentage increase the top five countries were:
(1) Germany - 2,774%, (2) Papua-New Guinea - 833%, (3) Australia - 633%,
(4) Turkey - 308%, and (5) Iceland - 184%."
GEA Report---
Geothermal Education/Info:
U.S. Department of Energy- Geothermal FAQs.
U.S. Department of Energy- Geothermal Energy Basics.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Geothermal Technologies Program. About Geothermal Electricity.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Geothermal Energy Basics.
Geothermal Education Office The GEO provides introductory and advanced facts on geothermal energy, worldwide data and maps, a geothermal slideshow, and links to other resources. Geothermal made simple.
Oregon Institute of Technology- Geo-Heat Center Klamath Falls, Oregon. Geothermal Information and Technology Transfer.
Geothermal Energy Fact Sheet The National Energy Education Development (NEED) project designed this fact sheet on geothermal energy to be used in the middle school classroom. PDF.
Geothermal Energy Association- All About Geothermal Energy. Basics and much more...
Geothermal Energy Association. Upcoming and archived events. Host of Geothermal Energy Expo.
International Geothermal Association. Future and Past conferences.
Geothermal Exchange Organization. Events and Training listed on calender.
Geothermal Funding:
U.S. Department of Energy. Geothermal Funding Opportunity Announcements.
'The April 2010 US Geothermal Power Production and Development Update showed 26% growth in new projects under development in the United States in the past year, with 188 projects underway in 15 states
which could produce as much as 7,875 MW of new electric power.'
Geothermal News:
The U.S. Energy Department has committed to provide up to $84 million in funding for geothermal energy projects !!! Reuters.
Renewable Energy World.  Geothermal Energy News.
Cleantech. Geothermal search results for stories posted on CleanTech site.
Geothermal Energy Association. Geothermal Energy Weekly.
International Geothermal Association. IGA Newsletter.
Oregon Institute of Technology- Geo-Heat Center- Outside the Loop Newsletter. A Newsletter for Geothermal Heat Pump Designers and Installers.
Greenchipstocks News. Geothermal Business/Investing News.
Geothermal Organizations-International:
International Geothermal Association. Non-profit, non-governmental with more than 2000 members in 65 countries. ***
European Geothermal Energy Council is an international association which aims to promote the use of geothermal energy.
United Nations University- Geothermal Training Programme.
Geothermal Resources Council.  A non-profit professional educational association for the international geothermal community.
Geothermal Organizations- U.S.:
US Dept of Energy's EERE's Geothermal Technologies Program works in partnership with U.S. industry to establish geothermal energy as an economically competitive contributor to the U.S. energy supply. Plus, Geothermal Quick Links.
Geothermal Energy Association- a trade association composed of companies that support the expanded use of geothermal energy and the development of geothermal resources worldwide for electrical power generation and direct-heat uses.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory Geothermal Energy Basics. The NREL briefly explains the following geothermal applications: direct use, electricity production, and heat pumps.
International Energy Agency.  Geothermal Energy Homepage   Promotes the sustainable utilization of geothermal energy throughout the world by: improving existing technologies, developing new technologies, facilitating the transfer of know-how, providing high quality information and widely communicating geothermal energy's strategic, economic and environmental benefits.
Geothermal Reports:
DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information, Information Bridge. Lists 10,000+ DOE publications on Geothermal.
Geothermal Energy Association. International Market Reports, U.S. Geothermal Power Production and Development reports, The State of Geothermal Technology reports and more...
International Energy Agency. Geothermal Energy Reports/Publications Page.  Papers/Reports- Drafts- Publications- Strategic Plans. Reports on Induced Seismicity, Enhanced Geothermal Systems, plus...
Oregon Institute of Technology- Geo-Heat Center Publications. A goldmine of reports and papers. ***
Stanford Geothermal Program.  Publications and
Technical Reports-Numerous- 1974 to date. ***
Idaho National Laboratory Geothermal Research Programs and Reports. Numerous.
International Geothermal Association. List of reports, brochures, documents.
"The Future of Geothermal Energy- Impact of Enhanced Geothermal Systems on the United States in the 21st Century" MIT led study, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy. PDF. ***
"Assessment of moderate and high temperature geothermal resources of the United States" U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2008, 4 pages. PDF.
"An Evaluation of Enhanced Geothermal Systems Technology"  This document presents the results of an eight-month study by the DOE and its support staff at the national laboratories concerning the technological requirements to commercialize a new geothermal technology, Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS). Assesses the correctness of the MIT-Future Study. PDF.
"The possible role and contribution of geothermal energy to the mitigation of climate change." IPCC Geothermal 11 February 2008. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. PDF. ***
Geothermal Resources Leasing Programmatic EIS.  The Bureau of Land Management and the USDA Forest Service have prepared a joint Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement to analyze and expedite the leasing of BLM-and FS-administered lands with high potential for renewable geothermal resources in 11 Western states and Alaska.
"Geothermal Energy Use Compared to Other Renewables" Geo-Heat Center. Jan 2008. PDF.
"Survey of Geothermal Heat Pump Shipments, 2006" DOE's Energy Information Administration. Released July 2008.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory- Publications Page. Reports on mixed working fluids, Heat exchanger linings, Air-cooled condensers, Alternative non-condensable gas removal methods, Field verification of small-scale geothermal power plants. Geothermal facility siting issues and Feasibility study of geothermal applications for remote areas in international markets.
Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy,  University of Nevada, Reno. Papers and presentations include those from Great Basin Center personnel as well as other authors who made presentations at Great Basin Center and related workshops.
Geothermal Energy Association. "Geothermal 101: Basics of Geothermal Energy Production and Use" February 2009.
Geothermal Energy Association. A Guide to Geothermal Energy & The Environment (Updated April 2007) Insight into factors of geothermal production that may have an impact on the environment, including clarification on common myths.
"Geothermal Energy—Clean Power From the Earth’s Heat" U. S. Geological Survey Circular 1249, 36 pages, 2003. PDF.
Geothermal Research:
Idaho National Laboratory Geothermal Research Programs and Reports.
Oregon Institute of Technology- Geo-Heat Center Klamath Falls, Oregon. Geothermal Information and Technology Transfer. Offers technological information to consultants, developers, potential users, and the general public. Information developed through firsthand experience with hundreds of projects and through extensive research is provided to individuals, organizations or companies involved in geothermal development.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory.  Research and Development, Programs. Research concentration: Condensation of mixed working fluids, Heat exchanger linings, Air-cooled condensers, Alternative non-condensable gas removal methods, Field verification of small-scale geothermal power plants. Geothermal facility siting issues and Feasibility study of geothermal applications for remote areas in international markets.
Sandia National Laboratory's primary focus has been on the development of improved drilling and completion technologies such as diagnostics while drilling, high-temperature electronics, advanced drill bit technologies, wellbore integrity technologies to reduce and mitigate problems associated with loss of circulation and advanced drilling concepts to provide economical access to deeper and hotter resources in the future.
Stanford Geothermal Program's objective is the development of reservoir engineering techniques to allow for the production of the nation's geothermal resources in the most efficient manner possible. The primary focus in the immediate future will be the investigation of reinjection into vapor-dominated reservoirs such as The Geysers.
Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy,  University of Nevada, Reno.  The Center specializes in collecting and synthesizing data, and using Geographic Information System (GIS) to produce favorability maps of high-temperature geothermal systems in the Great Basin
International Ground Source Heat Pump Association is a non-profit, member-driven organization that advances ground source heat pump technology on local, state, national and international levels. Headquartered on the campus of Oklahoma State University and conducts GSHP system installation training and geothermal research.
University of Utah's Energy & Geoscience Institute is a not-for-profit research organization with a 25-year record of conducting multidisciplinary projects worldwide. Through cooperative agreements with universities and research institutes, government agencies and laboratories, and national energy companies worldwide, the Institute undertakes a broad range of projects on all seven continents.
Southern Methodist University's Geothermal Laboratory. Dallas, TX.
Tax Incentives:
Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency is an ongoing project of the North Carolina Solar Center and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. ***
GeoExchange. Explains the Federal Tax Credits in the "Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008".
International Geothermal Association's Geothermal videos gallery.
Geothermal Exchange Organization. Geothermal videos gallery.
"How a Geothermal Plant Works" CalEnergy. Good clear video explaining large scale geo. You Tube.
Geothermal Heating- newgroundwork.
Simple animation about home geothermal. You Tube.
YourHomeTVShow. Explains home geothermal in detail.

Geothermal was the slowest growing renewable energy in 2007. Global capacity grew 1.5% in 2007,
reaching 9.7 GW of generating capacity.

Geothermal Installed Capacity 2006 in Gigawatts Projected Capacity 2020 in Gigawatts Electricity and Heat
generation 2006 Petajoules
Electricity and Heat Generation 2020 Petajoules
Electricity Generating
9 200 261 5676
Thermal Energy
100 500 2838 14191
Data-Geothermal Energy Association

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory estimates that geothermal could provide between 4 and 20
percent of current U.S. electricity needs by 2025.

Geothermal capacity is more than 70%,
whereas wind and solar's capacity is 15-35%.


Gaseous emissions from various types of power plants.

Plant type CO2
Coal-fired 994 4.71 1.955 1.012
Oil-fired    758 5.44 1.814 N.A.
Gas-fired   550 0.0998 1.343 0.0635
liquid dominated
27.2 0.1588 0 0
Hydrothermal –
The Geysers-
dry steam field
40.3 0.000098 0.000458 negligible
Hydrothermal – closed-
loop binary
0 0 0 negligible
From-MIT Study-


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