Carbon Offset Providers

offer Verified Carbon Offsets, aka Verified Emissions Reductions (VERs), which are claimed reductions in carbon emissions (balanced against carbon emissions) that are audited by an independent third party and satisfy a particular criteria established for regulatory purposes or by a voluntary offset certifier.
A Verified Emission Reduction (VER) is a reduction of one ton of greenhouse gas carbon equivalent.
Offset
Provider:
Non-
Profit
Offset Types Project Types Approx Price per ton CO2 Project Certification/ Standards*
AtmosClear
Massachusetts
No Auto, Home,Business Methane in Illinois, Mini-Hydro $15 per ton
$475 for 100
ERT,VCS
Atmosfair
Germany+
Yes Air Solar, Waste, Methane in Developing World 23 Euros per ton GS CDM
BeGreen
Texas
No Auto, Home, Air Wind,Solar,Biomass Reforestation in US $14-20 per ton EPA, Third Party Verification, CCAR, CCX
Bonneville Environmental Foundation
Oregon
Yes Home, Travel, Event, Business Solar on Schools and Watershed Restoration in US $20, minimum
2 tons
GeE
Carbon Clear
UK
No Travel,Auto,
Home,Babies
Worldwide renewable energy and energy efficiency projects and community tree planting projects (up to 20%) £8 per ton CDM,VCS,VER,
CER,GS
Carbonfund
Maryland
Yes Auto, Air, Home, or go 100% ZeroCarbon, +Business Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Methane in US, Reforestation in Nicaragua, (you have choice) Per year bulk prices start at $4.50 GeE,
ERT, CCBS,VCS,
GS,EPA
CarbonCounter
CarbonTrust
Oregon
Yes Home,Auto,Air,
+Business, Events,
Employees,
Large
Emitters
Truck Stop Electrification, Wind, Efficiency, Forest Management and Reforestation, Carpool Matching in NorthWest, US $12 per ton Third Party Verification
CarbonNeutral
UK+
No Businesses, Orgs,Individual Renewable Energy, Resource Conservation, Waste Reduction, Forestry
Worldwide
Priced Per Event in Pounds Third Party Verification,sell GS, VCS, VER and CER
Certified Clean Car
California
No Auto Clean Power Generation
through Green-e or CCX
$13 GeE, CCX
Clean Air Pass
Canada
No Auto, Air, Home, Zero Carbon,
+ Businesses, Events
Methane, Reforestation, Tire Recycling in Canada $18 Canadian Not Listed.
Climate Care
UK
No Air, Auto, Home, +Business Biomass, Wind, Hydro, Efficiency in Developing Countries £9 per ton GS CDM,VCS,
GS VER
Climate Save
Massachusetts
Yes, but
not a charity
Travel, Office, Events, Home, No Calculator. New Wind and Solar
(they do not state where)
660 pound block of CO2 for $8.75 a month GeE,
Third Party Verification
co2balance
UK+
No Business, Travel, Home Worldwide renewable energy and energy efficiency projects From $10 per ton GS VER
Conservation Fund Go Zero
Virginia
Yes Home, Auto, Air Reforestation in US $ 5 per ton Conservation Fund Projects
e-BlueHorizons
Massachusetts
No,
but give 50% to charity
Individual and organizations Methane Projects in New England $ 5 per ton ERT
Envirotrade
UK
  Car,Home perAnnum,Air per flight Biosequestration linked to land use change in Mozambique, Bhutan, Africa £6.50 per ton PlanVivo
written by farmer
Less
Canada
No,
10% to charity
Air or by the ton 4.5MW Biomass-Based Renewable Power Plant in India $40 per ton Canadian GS CDM
Third Party Verification,
EcoLogo-certified
Live Neutral
California
Yes Air, Auto, Home or by the ton Energy Efficiency
thru Chicago Climate Exchange
$9 per ton CCX
Third Party Verification
Native Energy Vermont No Home, Car, Air, Events, Business Wind, Methane,Hydro
for Native Americans, farmers
(you have choice)
$12 Third Party Verification,CDM GeE
For Business;CDM GS,VERs,
VCS
SELF (Solar Electric Light Fund)
WashDC
Yes Per Ton Solar electrification projects in more than fifteen developing nations $10 per ton Own Projects
Sustainable Travel International
(MyClimate) Colorado, US+
Yes Auto, Home, Travel,Gifts Renewables, Energy Efficiency, Reforestation in Developing Countries $12-$35
depending on project
CDM GS,
GeE, CCBS
TerraPass
California
No Air, Auto, Home, Business Methane and Wind in US $11 per ton CRS, CCX
Third Party Verification
Tist
Oklahoma
Yes per ton CO2e offsets, created by subsistence farmers in East Africa and India, you chose the country $8.50 Clean Air Action Corporation (CAAC)
Prices differ due to the company, quality and location of the offset credit.
*Certifiers
CCAR California Climate Action Registry
www.climateregistry.org/
Climate Action Reserve is a program of the California Registry, a private non-profit, which tracks and registers voluntary projects that reduce emissions of GHGs. Has developed credible, accurate, and consistent GHG reporting standards and tools for organizations to measure, monitor, third-party verify and reduce their GHG emissions consistently across industry sectors and geographical borders.
CCBS Climate, Community & Biodiversity Standards
www.climate-standards.org
Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance has developed voluntary standards to help design and identify land management projects that simultaneously minimize climate change, support sustainable development and conserve biodiversity.
CCX Chicago Climate Exchange
www.chicagoclimatex.com/cont ent.jsf?id=23
Chicago Climate Exchange is currently North America’s largest voluntary “cap-and-trade” program. See CCX Rulebook.
CDM CDM (CERs) Developing countries
cdm.unfccc.int/index.html
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Predominantly large scale projects that are UN backed. Projects undergo rigorous bureaucratic board procedures.
CER Certified Emission Reductions The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) market, a trading scheme set up during the Kyoto Protocol, allows companies from rich nations to invest in clean energy projects in developing countries and in exchange they receive Certified Emission Reductions (CERs), which they have the option of using toward their emissions targets or selling for a profit.
CR Climate Registry
www.theclimateregistry.org/
The Climate Registry is a nonprofit North American partnership developing an accurate, complete, consistent and transparent greenhouse gas emissions measurement protocol that is capable of supporting voluntary and mandatory greenhouse gas emission reporting policies for its Members and Reporters. It will provide a verified set of greenhouse gas emissions data from its Reporters supported by a robust accounting and verification infrastructure."
CRS Center for Resource Solutions
www.resource-solutions.org
CRS, a nonprofit,  designs policies, identifies best practices and creates implementation tools that promote renewable energy generation and ensures validity.
DOE US Dept of Energy. www.pi.energy.gov/enhancingG HGregistry/generalguidelines.html Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Policy and International Affairs.  General Guidelines for the Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases (1605(b)) Program first published in the Federal Register April 2006, corrected Jan 2007.
EPA EPA's Climate Leaders program
http://www.epa.gov/stateply/
Climate Leaders is an EPA industry-government partnership that works with companies to develop comprehensive climate change strategies.
ERT Environmental Resources Trust
www.ert.net
ERT built the world's first private non-profit emissions registry in 1997. Rigorous but streamlined process to enable cost-effective registration of high quality GHG inventories and Verified Emission Reductions.''
GeE Green-e Energy
www.green-e.org
Green-e Renewable Energy Certification Program administered by the Center for Resource Solutions, a nonprofit,  is a voluntary certification program that sets consumer-protection and environmental-integrity standards for greenhouse gas(GHG) emission reductions sold in the voluntary market. Green-e Energy is the nation's leading independent certification and verification program for renewable energy.
GS Gold Standard***
www.cdmgoldstandard.org/
Used for both UN backed programs and voluntary credits
The Gold Standard is a non-profit foundation initiated by WWF, SSN and Helio International, launched in 2003. Gold Standard offers a quality label (higher sustainable development credentials than required by the CDM rules) to CDM/JI and voluntary offset projects and is supported by a group of 51 NGOs/charitable organizations. Hosted by a UNEP Collaborating Centre.
GS
CDM
Gold Standard Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
cdm.unfccc.int/index.html
Kyoto-UN Backed.  Backed by 50+ NGOs/charities. Predominantly large scale projects like CDM but with strong focus on GHG at its source, sustainable development and community projects in developing countries.
GS VERs Gold Standard Voluntary
www.cdmgoldstandard.org/
Countries without a Kyoto target
Backed by 50+ NGOs/charities. Rigorous high quality standards for the voluntary market. Based on CDM but without needing board authority. Marketplace for GS Offset Providers.
VERs Verified Emission Reductions
Also referred to as Voluntary Emission Reductions.
A unit of emission reductions that has been verified by an independent auditor to a recognised standard. A one unit reduction is equivalent to one ton of CO2 greenhouse gas.
VCS Voluntary Carbon Standard
www.v-c-s.org
Voluntary Carbon Standard was initiated by The Climate Group, the International Emissions Trading Association and the World Economic Forum in late 2005. Rigorous but appropriate voluntary market standard.
Additionality
means that a project would 'not' have gone ahead without carbon credit funding. If a project is financially viable without carbon financing, it is not considered additional.
Reports: (see also carbon mkts page)

www.ieagreen.org.uk/glossies/Carbon%20Offs ets%20(web).pdf
Pew Center. "Ensuring Offset Quality, Integrating High Quality Green House Gas Offsets into North American Cap and Trade Policy" Offset Quality Initiative offers policymakers practical recommendations for the integration of greenhouse gas offsets into emerging regulatory systems at the state, regional and federal levels. (July 2008)  This report discusses the advantages and disadvantages of voluntary carbon offsets as a mechanism for reducing GHG emissions. It defines offsets and explains what makes a ‘quality offset’. It describes the various standards for offsets, explains how the market operates, and lists the main providers and purchasers.
www.pewclimate.org/docUploads/OQI-Ensuri ng-Offset-Quality-white-paper.pdf Pew Center.  "Ensuring Offset Quality, Integrating High Quality Green House Gas Offsets into North American Cap and Trade Policy" Offset Quality Initiative offers policymakers practical recommendations for the integration of greenhouse gas offsets into emerging regulatory systems at the state, regional and federal levels. (July 2008)
 
 
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