A list of cans with, and cans without, BPA.
Are you willing to pay 2.2 cents more per can to get the BPA out of our canned food?
Eden Foods: All 33 of its organic beans, chili, rice & beans, refried, and flavored. Coated with a 'baked-on oleoresinous c-enamel' see below.
Trader Joe's Brand: Canned corn, tomatoes, beans (except baked beans), tunafish, anchovies, poultry, beef, coconut milk, fruit (except mandarins) and vegetables (except artichokes).
Hunt's Tomato Products: Only their plain tomatoes - but lined with vinyl.
Whole Foods: 27% of its store-brand canned goods. No specifics given!*
Amy's: As of March, 2012 all products in non-bpa cans. Look for: NB, for Non-BPA on the bottom of each can. New lining type unknown.
Baby Formulas and Food: Beech Nut, Enfamil, Gerber, Pedialyte, PediaSure, Perrigo and Similac are now all in BPA-free packaging. New lining type unknown.
Bionaturae: Canned tomatoes.
Campbell's Soups: Announced March, 2012 that it will be phasing out BPA from its cans! They have yet to make clear when that will be finished or what they plan to use instead of BPA.
Crowne Prince Natural: Tuna, Salmon, Kippers. See this link for specifics.
Farmer's Market: All products: Pumpkin, Squash...
Hain Celestial Group (Earth’s Best, Hain Pure Foods, Health Valley, Hollywood, Imagine Foods, Spectrum, Walnut Acres and Westbrae Natural): by June 2014 their canned soups, beans, and vegetables will be in non BPA linings comprised of modified polyester and/ or acrylic.
King Oscar Norwegian: All products: kingoscar.com
Muir Glen: Canned tomato products only. Lining type unknown.
Native Factor: Coconut Water.
Native Forest: Organic coconut milk, artichokes, asparagus, mushrooms, hearts of palm and all of their canned fruits.
Ocean Brands: Salmon, tuna, oyster, crab, snackit, snack n lunch and fish salads. (Not the shrimp, clams and food service size.)
Oregon's Choice: Canned Tuna.
Vital Choice: Canned salmon, albacore tuna, sardines and mackerel.
Westbrae: As of mid-2013 has labeled many of its cans as non-BPA lining.
Not sure what new lining consists of.
Wild Planet: Canned Sardines and 5 oz tuna.
Ecofish (Henry & Lisa's): Canned Tuna.
Nature's One: Organic powdered baby milks.
Bumble Bee: Sardines and Herring, and Tuna produced and canned in the U.S.**
Tetra-pak (aseptic containers) are lined with Polyethylene, not BPA. 'Pomi' Brand and Hunt's Chopped tomatoes in tetra-paks are becoming more widely available.
Eden Foods: Canned tomato products (look for their new - glass jars) are in an epoxy lined can.
Trader Joe's Brand: All soups, chilis and stews. Plus; Sardines, Crab, Cherrystone Clams & Oysters, Mandarins, Hatch Chilies, Artichokes, Organic Baked Beans.
Whole Foods: 73% of its store-brand canned goods.
Ocean Brands: Shrimp, clams and 4lb food service size.
Annie's, Brad's, Muir Glen cans are lined with BPA.
ALL food & beverage cans out there other than those listed above...most likely are lined with BPA.
Most all Aluminum Cans are lined with BPA.
Polycarbonate plastic (grouped in #7) contains BPA and BPAF (worse!).
Many shiny thermal receipts contain BPA.
(ATM receipts, cash register receipts, prescription labels, lottery/airline tickets, etc)
Don’t hand children receipts that might contain BPA!
Don’t recycle receipts that might contain BPA!
Since 1999 Eden Foods has used steel cans coated with a 'baked-on oleoresinous c-enamel', which does not contain BPA. Oleoresin is a non-toxic mixture of oil and resin extracted from plants, such as pine or balsam fir.'(1) The cost is currently 2.2 cents more (14%) than cans with industry-standard BPA epoxy liners. Yet that natural liner is not approved by the FDA for acid foods, such as tomatoes. Hopefully in the very near future, alternative liners will be put on the market as more research is completed. But as of now, be aware that canned tomatoes, soups and pastas are your highest sources of BPA due to their acid consuming the lining of the can. Canned green beans and coconut milk have also shown very high levels of BPA.
In 2009 the Environmental Working Group detected BPA in 9 of 10 samples of umbilical cord blood it collected from newborns and in 2007 put out a study showing that BPA exposure is 'unsafe' in 11 percent of all canned food.(2) At the EWG's urging the FDA Office of Food Additive Safety tested cans for BPA in 2011 and found that 71 of 78 canned foods tested were tainted with BPA.(2a) In both the EWG and FDA studies, green beans were the most heavily contaminated. In the FDA tests, a single serving of beans contained as much as 730 parts per billion BPA.(2a) In the cans the EWG tested, the EWG found a single serving contained enough BPA to expose a woman or infant to levels more than 200 times the government's safe level of exposure for industrial chemicals. In the 2010 study, 'No Silver Lining', food from 50 cans collected from 19 US states and Ontario, Canada were tested for BPA contamination. Over 90% of the cans tested had detectable levels of BPA, and some at much higher levels than had been detected previously.(3) The study's tests show that meals involving one or more cans of food can "cause a pregnant woman to ingest levels of BPA that have been shown to cause health effects in developing fetuses in laboratory animal studies."(3) Consumer Reports' latest tests of canned foods found that almost all of the 19 name-brand foods they tested contain some BPA. "A 165-pound adult eating one serving of canned green beans from their sample, could ingest about 0.2 micrograms of BPA per kilogram of body weight per day, about 80 times higher than the experts' recommended daily upper limit."(4)
The Breast Cancer Fund recently released a product testing report called "BPA in Thanksgiving Canned Food." For the study canned goods were purchased in California, Massachusetts, New York and Minnesota. Four cans of each of the common Thanksgiving staples: Campbell’s Cream of Mushroom Soup, Campbell’s Turkey Gravy, Carnation Evaporated Milk (by Nestle), Del Monte Fresh Cut Sweet Corn (Cream Style), Green Giant Cut Green Beans (by General Mills), Libby’s Pumpkin (by Nestle) and Ocean Spray Jellied Cranberry Sauce were purchased. The results showed a tremendous variability in BPA levels in the canned foods tested, from non-detectable to 221 parts per billion. Variabily was extreme even among cans of the same product made by the same company, which means that consumers have no way of knowing how much BPA is in the canned food they’re buying and consuming. www.breastcancerfund.org
A 2011 study by Harvard University analysized the urine of seventy-five people for BPA. Each participant ate a 12-ounce serving of either fresh or canned soup for five days in a row. They were advised not to otherwise alter their regular eating habits. After a two-day break, the groups switched and ate the opposite type of soup. The study showed the canned soup eaters had 1,221 per cent higher levels of BPA in their urine than those who ate the fresh soup.5 Of other concern, a 2012 study out of New York, the first study of its kind to test for BPS, found 81% of the urine samples tested contained BPS (Bisphenol S)* in quantities just slightly below those of BPA.6
An August, 2012 study out of the University of Virginia, shows that low dose BPA is associated with decreased social activity in mice for up to four generations!7 And in September, 2012 a Washington State University researcher and colleagues have found that BPA disrupts female rhesus monkey's reproductive systems, causing chromosome damage, miscarriages and birth defects. Again the research shows the effects to be generational. Patricia Hunt, the head researcher states that; "the really stunning thing about the effect is we’re dosing grandma, it’s crossing the placenta and hitting her developing eggs, and if that fetus is a female, it’s changing the likelihood that that female is going to ovulate normal eggs. It’s a three-for-one hit.” The rhesus' reproductive system are most human-like of any mammal and were tested with BPA levels similar to those in humans.8
According to Bloomberg News, 4.7 million metric tons of BPA valued at about $8 billion was produced in 2012.9
Updated January 2014.
List of other sources of BPA and more info here: inspirationgreen.com/plastics-bpa
The Good Guys:
From Eden's website: "Although we successfully achieved a BPA free alternative for low-acid food such as beans, the canning industry has no suitable (in our opinion) can for high-acid food like tomatoes. After years of trying to realize one, Eden chose to move its canned tomatoes into amber glass jars to avoid BPA. In 2011 Eden moved a third of its tomatoes to amber glass, away from cans. The cans still have a baked on r-enamel. Due to the acids in tomato, the lining is epoxy based and does contain a minute amount of BPA. It is however in the 'non-detectable' range according to Eden's independent laboratory extraction tests. The test was based on a detection level of 5 ppb (parts per billion). Our goal is zero.
A search for a lid for the glass jars again confirmed 'there's no such thing as the perfect food package.' Regardless, we found the best there is. The inside of the twist caps has two coats of sealer between the food and the metal of the cap. The first applied coating has some BPA in it. The second protective sealant over the metal does not contain any, and isolates the first coating from contact with the jar's contents." (1)
*) Whole Foods Policy on BPA: wholefoodsmarket.com
1) www.edenfoods.com Read this!
7) Endocrinology Journal. August, 2012 - the impact of low doses of BPA.
10) Bisphenol A and Human Health: A review of the literature. Aug 29, 2013.
National Institute of Health.
According to the Environmental Working Group, the amount of BPA in receipts can be 1,000 times that found in cans or bottles. "Retail workers carry an average of 30 percent more BPA in their bodies than other adults. The Japan Paper Association began to halt the use of BPA in 1998, completing the phase-out by 2003." www.ewg.org/bpa-in-store-receipts
Suffolk County, NY has just passed legislation (Jan, 2013) that will ban BPA in cash register receipts in that county: news.heartland.org
Although the rest of us can most likely count cans as our largest source. Study (www.ehp03.niehs.nih.gov) shows that returning to fresh, uncanned foods reduces (not eliminates) BPA levels considerably in a rather short time.
Bisphenol S effects have yet to be studied as extensively as BPA, but due to it being a bisphenol cousin it has many of the same negative toxicological effects as BPA.
A June, 2012 study (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) shows that BPS (not as well tested as BPA, but potentially as harmful) has been replacing BPA in paper products.
A 2013, University of Texas study, shows that BPS has similar damaging hormonal traits as those of BPA, (environmentalhealthnews.org)
List of BPS coated papers: (environmentalhealthnews.org.pdf) - the list includes the thermal paper sonograms are printed on!!!
www.inspirationgreen.org/plastics-bpa.html Numerous studies listed.
www.traderjoes.com All TJ products non-GMO!
You are welcome to copy and paste this example if you would like.
Dear Food Company,
Although it is true that the scientific studies regarding BPA exposure are conflicting and confusing, why not be safe rather than sorry and line your cans without the addition of the hormone distruptor BPA. Eden foods has been doing that for more than a decade and they estimate an initial additional cost of 2.2 cents per can (until a safer, cheaper, more natural solution comes to light).
As a customer, I promise to pay the additional 2 cents for your product if you go BPA-free. But if you do not, my only recourse is to discontinue use of your product.
* Food and drink packaging
* Store Receipts
* The lining of food cans
* The lining of aluminum cans
* Milk container linings
* The inside of bottle tops
* Water Pipes
* Dental sealants
* Polycarbonate tableware
* Plastic Wrap
* Some Newspaper Ink
* Carbonless Copy Paper